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Written by Bryan Watts & Elizabeth Mojica
October 18, 2008
Strings of alpha-numeric peregrine falcon color identification bands. Each peregrine banded in Virginia gets a bi-color band with a unique code. Photo by Bryan Watts.
Over the past several years, the Center for Conservation Biology has initiated several long-term studies of various species using field-readable markers. Unlike conventional metal bands that require a bird to be recaptured in order to be identified, these markers may be read in the field with binoculars or spotting scopes. For these species, bald eagles, peregrine falcons, American oystercatchers, black vultures, CCB requests all individuals encountering marked birds to report the following:
1. Species and condition of bird
2. Location and position of marker
(leg or wing, left or right, above or below joint)
3. Color of marker
4. Code on marker
5. Date of observation
6. Location of observation Bald Eagles
Purple alpha-numeric band on the left leg (top) and aluminum USFWS band on the right leg (bottom) of a bald eagle chick banded in Maryland in 2008. Photo by Bryan Watts.
In 2007, CCB began using alpha-numeric bands in addition to USGS metal bands on both nestlings and free-flying bald eagles in Virginia and Maryland. The bands are purple with engraved numbers/letters. The code is repeated 3 times around the band. Several other states are also actively banding eagles with other band colors and codes, so it is important to observe the band color. If you observe a bald eagle with an alpha-numeric band please report the observation to:
firstname.lastname@example.org Peregrine Falcons
For more than 20 years, peregrine falcons hatched in Virginia have been marked with field-readable bands. Over the years, there has been 3 generations of bands that differ in color and coding. Most states in the eastern United States are also using field-readable bands with the same color scheme, but each individual bird has its own unique code. It is important to note the band color or colors and the actual code. If you observe a peregrine falcon with an alpha-numeric band please report the observation to:
email@example.com American Oystercatchers
Banded American oystercatcher chick, Virginia’s barrier islands. Photo by Alex Wilke.
Since 2004, hatchling American oystercatchers have been marked with field-readable bands on the Eastern Shore of Virginia. Birds have been double banded with identical, coded bands on both legs above the joint. The code is repeated 3 times around the band. We are using black bands with white codes. Several states along the Atlantic coast are also banding oystercatchers, but with different color bands so it is important to determine band color.
If you observe an American oystercatcher with an alpha-numeric band please report the observation to:
awilke (at) tnc.org Black Vultures
A black vulture with a numbered wing-tag. Photo by Ray Fernald/VDGIF.
In the fall of 2007, The Center for Conservation Biology (CCB) marked 100 black vultures with patagial tags (wing tags). Each bird was double tagged with identical markers on each wing. The tags are orange with 3 black numbers. White tags with black characters have also been used briefly in Virginia and further south. If you observe a black vulture with a patagial marker please report the observation to CCB staff:
Beginning of field notes made by Fred Scott on 21 February 1968 describing a bald eagle nest survey flight of the James River. The flight was made during the height of the DDT era and gives a long list of nests on the James and York rivers that were missing or empty. The Center has original notes from Fred that cover flights made between 1963 and 1979.
American oystercatchers roost during high tide on a shell rake in Virginia. For many long-lived shorebirds like oystercatchers, individual roosts may be used by many generations over centuries. Photo by Alex Wilke.
Avery Nagy-Macarthur (an undergraduate at the time at Mount Allison University) holds a whimbrel caught on the Acadian Peninsula of New Brunswick as part of an investigation of whimbrel conflicts with the commercial blueberry industry. The project will continue efforts to break down factors believed to be limiting whimbrel recovery throughout the flyway. Photo by Bryan Watts.